Glossary

AIT: Advanced Individual Training. A school or training program within the Army where you learn the skills to perform your Army job (see also MOS).

ASU: Army Service Uniform. The military uniform worn by United States Army personnel in situations where formal dress is called for. It is worn in most workday situations in which business dress would be called for. It can be worn at most public and official functions.

ASVAB: Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. The ASVAB is a multiple-aptitude battery that measures developed abilities and helps predict future academic and occupational success in the military. It is administered annually to more than one million military applicants, high school, and post-secondary students. official-asvab.com

BCT: Basic Combat Training. A ten-week training period that teaches identical skills for all Military Occupational Specialties (see MOS) to prepare Soldiers to work together and defend themselves, as well as their fellow soldiers, if/when necessary.

DBIDS: Defense Biometric Identification System. A Department of Defense (DOD) system developed by Defense Manpower Data Center as a force protection program designed to manage personnel, property and installation access for the Department of Defense.

DFAC: Dinning Facilities Administration Center. Army term for the mess hall where service members are served meals.

DLAB: Defense Language Aptitude Battery. A test used by the United States Department of Defense to test an individual’s potential for learning a foreign language. It is used to determine who may pursue training as a military linguist. It consists of 126 multiple-choice questions and the test is scored out of a possible 176 points. The first half of the test is audio and the second half is written. As of 2009, the test is completely web-based. The test does not attempt to gauge a person’s fluency in a given language, but rather to determine their ability to learn a language.

DLIFLC: Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC) is regarded as one of the finest schools for foreign language instruction in the nation. As part of the Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), the Institute provides resident instruction at the Presidio of Monterey in about two dozen languages, five days a week, seven hours per day, with two to three hours of homework each night. www.dliflc.edu

JSIB: Joint Service In-processing Brief. At the Presidio, it is part of the in-processing of newly arrived service members in which various informational presentations are given to inform them about the departments and services available to them during their time stationed here.

MEPS: Military Entrance Processing Station. Where applicants for military service go to complete the enlistment process.

MI: Military Intelligence Corps. The intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army’s intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.

MOS: Military Occupation Specialty. Army enlisted soldiers are categorized by their assigned job called a military occupational specialty, or MOS. Each MOS are labeled with a short alphanumerical code called a military occupational specialty code (MOSC), which consists of a two-digit number appended by a Latin letter. Related MOSs are grouped together by Career Management Fields (CMF). For example, an enlisted soldier with MOSC 11B works as an infantryman (his MOS), and is part of CMF 11 (the CMF for infantry).

OPSEC: Operations security. A process that identifies critical information to determine if friendly actions can be observed by adversary intelligence systems, determines if information obtained by adversaries could be interpreted to be useful to them, and then executes selected measures that eliminate or reduce adversary exploitation of friendly critical information.

POM: Presidio of Monterey. The historic Army installation located next to the Pacific Ocean in Monterey, Calif. The Presidio traces its roots to early Spanish colonization and Captain Don Gaspar de Portola, who established the Presidio in 1770. It is currently home to Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center as well as those parts of the former Fort Ord that Army retained after its closure in 1994, now known as the Ord Military Community. www.monterey.army.mil

PT: Physical Training. Physical exercise.

SAPRO: The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office. Department of Defense office responsible for oversight of the Department’s sexual assault policy. SAPRO works hand-in-hand with the Services and the civilian community to develop and implement innovative prevention and response programs. www.sapr.mil

SHARP: Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention Program. Army program to combat sexual harassment and assault, as well as promote response and prevention efforts to ensure the Army is meeting the needs of the Soldiers, Department of the Army Civilians, family members and the nation. www.army.mil/sharp/

SOP: Standard Operating Procedure. A clearly written set of instructions for methods detailing the procedures for carrying out a routine or recurring task or study.

TRADOC: United States Army Training and Doctrine Command. A command of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia. It is charged with overseeing training of Army forces and the development of operational doctrine. TRADOC operates 37 schools and centers at 27 different locations. www.tradoc.army.mil

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